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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  April 14, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for sunday, april 14: the democratic presidential racs wi secretary of state mike pompeo rounds out his latin america tour with a visit to the colombia/venezuela border. and in our signature segment: peru, once a refuge for venezuelan refugees, changes its policy. next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. esue and edgar waim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip lstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided
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by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that'shy we're your retirement company. additional support has bee provided by: and by the corporation for publ contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for joining us the white house insisted today that president trump did not encourage violence against democratic congresswoman ilhan omar when he tweeted a video that included snippets of comments omar made in a speech last month interspersed with footage of the world trade center's twin towers burning on 9/11. the tweet, posted friday, remains onr. trump's twitter feed. the video in it includes snippets of omar's speech to the council on american-islamic arlations, edited without the context of her r which
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praised the group's support for muslim americansivil rights after 9-11. >> because they recognized that some people did somethinand that all of us were starting toc loses to our civil liberties. >> sreenivasan: at one point the video uses only the words "some people didhing." edited to footage of the 9-11 attack. the president's tweet ignited both fierce criticm and strong support for omar. democratic representative jerry naer, who represents lower manhattan, defended omar's speech as an accurate reflection of what happened after 9-11. >> it was used as an excuse for lots odiscrimination and for withdrawal of civil liberties. no i did not. i have had some problems with some of her other remarks, but >> sreenivasan: press secretary sarah sanders defended the pres cent's tweet. tainly the president is wishing no ill will and certainly not violence towards
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anyone, but the president is absolutely and should be calling out the congresswoman for her y not only one time but hiof anti-semitic comments. the bigger question is why aren't democrats doing the same thing? >> sreenivasan: sanders also said the president's recent proposal to send undocumented immigrants to "sanctuary citie"" is being reviewed. >> we don't want to put all of the burden on one or two border communities. and democrats have stated time and time again they support open borders, they support ary cities so let's spread out some of that burden and let's put itn ome of those other locations if that's what they want to see ppen and are refusing to actually help fix the problem. >> sreenivasan: democratic ben cardin said he does not believe the plan is legal. >> this is clearly a political move for the president. he's using iigrants as pawns his political game of chess. he's not really interested in a orlution. he'sinterested in preserving a political issue for the 2020 election.an >> sreenivsecretary of state mike pompeo wrapped up his trip to four south american
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untries today pressing f support for the u.s.-backed self-proclaimed interiman president uaido. yesterday, in lima, peru, the secretary of state called venezuela's current president nicolas maduro a "tyrant". i spoke with washingpost reporter john hudson, who is traveling with pompeo, yesterday via skype. >> the leverage th the u.s. has is obviously the dominant military and economic power in the western hemisphere, it's also right now carry message of maduro must go. >> sreenivasan: we will have more on refugeesrom venezuela now living in peru coming up later in the broadcast. south bend indiana mayor pete buttigieg officially entered the race for temocratic nomination for president today. the 37-year-old afghanistan war, veteade his announcement at a rally in south bend, the town where he grew up and where he is now serving his second term as mayor.
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i'm here to join you to make a little news, my name is pete, mayor pete, i am a pro south bend indiana and i'm running for the president of the united states of america. >> sreenivasan: to watchetndiana democre buttigieg announce his bid for the 2020 presidential race visit pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: potential showdowns between capitol hill and the white house;erging debate among democratic contenders about who and what they will offer the voters and an arrest that has traditional first amendment allies divided. these are some of the week's stories that caught the attention of newshour weekendec l correspondent jeff greenfield who joins us from santa barbara. jeff let's talk about the tensions between both sides of pennsylvania afternoon. we have couple of different examples. >> tax returns are the first mo obvious ones. the chair of the democraticallse controlled hays and means committee, he wants the with
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returns by april 23rd. the white house says you'll never see thesreurns because it's a fishing expedition. you have no real reason to have them. it goes back to the fact tt trump is the first president since eisenhower not to release tax returns. we don't know how much will redact ed. the democrats in congress sa we want to see the whole thing and tuat could wind up as a court le. last, the bizarre story that trump asked the inland head of homeland security to close the bordhi on his ownch is flatly not what the law says. my guess is the democrats may want to say, we want some hearings to see how bad that is. there is a long pattern here. >> sreenivasana pattern in the trump administration? i is a pattern also, even if a president of their owny part
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does something that they see is executive overreach they all slap that down. but in this cas, again and again we've seen republicans particarly in the senate whic they stilt control to kind of give trump running room, on what in other cases might be seen as an overreach. reb whenhe declared a national emergency so he could fd a border quawl that congress wouldn't provide money for. normally, the congress says, that not in your power to do. but in my view, trump so popular with the republican base, thee republicans lling to give trump room where in other cases they would say, you're reaching in on our power. er sreenivasan: trump got a little w south bend mayor pete buttigieg enters the field. dompou see thattant conversation about the party findings itself? >> always with the caveat that
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it's ludicrous to figure out who is emerging as ostrong or weak nomine but progressive elements of the party and the more centrist ones, bernie sanders revealed his medicare for all, essentially abolishing private insurance. other democrats like amy klobuchar say we can't afford that. the other more intriguing thing for me, weexay the president is going to be dramatically differently than the last one.di who'erent from trump? if it's experience in washington the obvious answer is joe biden. if it's someb cody whotrasts whth many trump's appeal to the e rural working class elements in the country that would be somebody like a woman, woman of color. if you're looking at somebdy who scrafghts with trump's kind
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of -- contrasts with trump's kind of streetrawl irpersona, could be pete buttigieg. we'll not know that for awhile. what the democrats plan to offer both in substance and >> sreenivasan: and finally julianna assange, his defense is i'm a journalist, this is all about free speech. >> what's interesting is you've got the editorial pages ofhe "washington post" and the new york times, defending him and they're not. they're saying this is not like the pentagon papers, this is like the case whee assae was trying to help private manning break into a computer. if you start are crimilly going after people who are dealing with documents they shouldn't have, at opens a big door to potentially prosecute journalists. 're seeing a division between normal allies. it goes back to the fact that in 2016, assange was wisely --
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widely seen as helping the trump campaign leaking hillary hillary clinton's e-mails while not leaking information about russian russian interference. >> sreenivasan: jeff greenfield from l santa barbara, thank you very much. >> thank you hari. >> sreenivasan: as we mentioned earlier in the program, peo etary of state p visiting south america this weekend, to discuss the crisis unfolding as millions stream out of venezuela to countries throughout the region. of those countries, pe far, has been among the most welcoming. newshour weekend special correspondent kira kay reports from lima, peru in partnership with new york university's global beat program. >> reporter: it's a sunday ternoon match between the brewers and the yankees. but this field is a world away from milwaukee or the bronx. p
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all of theyers here today fledheir homes in venezuela, and have made their way to peru. and once a week, 18 such teams gather on the waterfront of the capital city lima for a slice of home. >> ( translated ): we call these sundays "venezuelan sundays." c because e here and we're in the venezuelan environment. it's pure venezuelan, while we play this sport that we're passionate about. >> reporter: freddy de freitasue fled ven two years ago after the country's economic crisis and hyperinflation made it hard to get food and medicine. plus he and his family faced added pressure, his wife was pregnant. >> ( translated ): we were having trouble getting herheck ups. so i spent five days on a bus crossing the borders of colombia and ecuador to get h once i got here i earned enough money to buy her a plane ticket and bring her from caracas to join me here in lima. ammas are among an estimate his one million venezuelans to flee to peru, the great majority in
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the last two years. most first go to colombia, then down to ecuador, and finallyth cre border into peru. these men are lucky because they arrived before the end of 201to and were ablualify for an entry document created specifically for venezuelans reown as a temporary permit of dence, or "p.t.p." o is visa allowed those whmade it in time to stay and work in the country for a year, and can be renewed when the year is up. the p.t.p. has been a lifeline because it allows them to work. >> reporter: today, the venezuelan migration crisis is the second largest in the world with nea5 million people having fled the country. but there e no refugee camps in peru, just a series of small temporary shelters. most migrants have blended into
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lima's poorer neighborhoods. on the streets if you know where to look. venezuelan flags have popped up outside barber shops, restaurants, and other businesses. venezuelans staff stalls in lima's marketplaces and sell their goods up and down the crowded isles. >> in practical terms we're still talking about one million venezuelans in a country that only has 30 million inhabints so that's a huge number. >> reporter: professore freier researches venezuelan migration. >> and peru is nevertheless implementing a policy of open doors in practice. so no one is being turned away at the border.r: >> reporn 2018 alone, peru received half a million venezuelans. peru's department of migration has been processing a constant inflow of arrivals, says its director roxana del aguila. >> ( translated ): since may, we have worked 24 hours a day here in this center. and we could attend to more or less 5,000 venezuelans that arrived each 24 hours, every day. >> reporter: because of the lack of food and medicine in
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venezuela, many arrive in peru malnourished and in need of medical care. so they get a health check,nd ifecessary, vaccines. >> ( translated ): for us it has been a challenge. but we have been able to receive childr in great quantity. children with malnutrition. women that are seen withti exhaustion, e, a very difficult situation. of course there is a big impact on society. however, we are convinced that the arval of venezuelan citizens here can also contribute to the development of our couny. >> reporter: the migration office has been tasked with issuing the coveted p.t.p. work permits. venezuelans like merelith holmquist and her husband carlos rcia have been able to renew their p.t.p. and work in peru for two years.y they came toth her mother and their two year old daughter, to investigate options for staying even longer. >> ( translated ): right now we're waiting for a bit more sirtainty in our lives before we start to make des about the future, if we are going to stay here or have to go
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somewhere else. >> reporter: holmquist, who has a phd in chemistry, was fortunate to land a teaching job. but for her husband caos it's been harder, he had a profitable business selling electronics, but now ses empanadas that he makes at home. >> i have never cooked or de anything in my life before now, and every day takes a lot. making the dough so early, going out to sell, coming back, making more. >> reporter: his work helps support their family in per aas wethose back in venezuela. still, it's a major lifestyle change >> ( translated ): before there was more money and you could buy a car or a computer or clothes. but now, we do not have a good life, and we'd like be more secure economically. >> reporter: stories like garcia's are familiar to oscar perez, who runs a charity that is for venezuens by venezuelans. he has found that many re highlans in peru a skilled, and he is working with the government to try to match them with better jobs.
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>> ( translated ): for every ten enezuelans that arrive in, six or seven are university- trained professionals, that in this moment are workinas waiters or security guards or drivers or are selling candy in the streets. the only thing we want is not gifts, not handouts, wat we want is opportunity. opportunity to demonstrate that we can move forward and we can contribute a great deal. >> reporter: but that might all be about to change. with the flow of venezuelans unending, and worries about pressu on state services, peru has stopped accepting the p.t.p. applications that have allowed so many to stay and work in the country. those who applied befo the deadline are being processed now, and will be the last to receive the permits. new arrivals get short term tourist visas, so if they want to stay more than a few months and work, they must formally apply for asylum as refugees. peru has a relatively generous definition of who qualifies for refue status. it includes people whose
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security has been threatened by, quote, "circumstances that have disturbed public order." t the process is moving slowly, according to freier. >> the venezuelan asylum claims ht now.ave priority rig so they're basically not being decided. why is that? if peru decided the 200,000 or potentially up to one million, potential, asylum clms, and accepted these people as refugees, they would immediately have access to full healthcare. and th is something peru can simply not afford in practical terms. >> reporter: with p.t.p.s phasing out, and asylum applications in limbo, the crisis might start to look more and more like this, a formerhe factory turneder in the rough outskirts of lima. here single men sleep on the concrete floor while women, children and couples share a limited number of overcrowded bunk beds. all 180 residents share a single toilet and shower.
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25 year old mari fernandez is a new arrival who can't apply for a p.t.p. she left her four children in venezuela because the weeks-long journey would be just too hard.l >> ( tred ): i lived through so many things walking here. there were sores on my feet, i couldn't stay inne place for more than one night and i had no wate i never, ever wanted my children to go through that. but now i want to do everytng possible to bring them.>> reporter: fernandez hopes to find a way to earn money in order to buy bus tickets from caracas for her chhedren to join r in peru. because she is unable to work legally, sheurvives by helping out around the shelter in exchange for food and accommodation. she is now waiting to see if peru will accept her as a refugee. meanwhile, freddy de freitas, the holder of a coveted work permit, says he will now apply for residency, which the lawws alecause his daughter was born in peru. still, he yearns to return home.
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>> ( translated ): for now, i'm relaxed because my daughter isn't missing anything she needs. but happy? no. because my mother is still in venezuela, my father is still in venezuela, my grandmother, my aunts, msisters. i want to be back in my own country, making my future in my owcountry. >> sreenivasan: from dogs and rabbits, to guinea pigs and even birds, pet therapy animals come in all shapes and sizes. nick blumberg, from our partner station wttw in chicago, has this report on a pint-sized equine therapeutic mission that is bringinhappiness to those in need. >> reporter: these are american miniature rses. >> they're non intimid'ring, thtiny, they're magical
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looking. >> reporter: and they'em the... . main attraction of the nonprofit mane in heaven. that's m-a-n-e. >> we take our adorable little miniature therapy horssp to als, rehab centers, nursing homes. our goal and our mission is to just bring a little bit of happiness and comfort and joy to those in need. >> reporter: founded in 2012, mane iheaven is an all- volunteer organization based at a private farm in barrington. >> we rk with the horses four days a week.o wetraining and visits, sonif we're not visit, we're training here. ave to learn their commands. they have to be used to people hugging them a petting them. learning elevators, learning different floor surfaces. >> reporter: and, volunteers have to learn answers to frequently asked questions. no, they haven't been shrunken down. they're not ponies. own.yes, they're full gr >> we joke that they might get wider, but they won't get any
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taller. mmoneporter: another co question: why are they wearing shoes? >> first of all, they them slipping on the floor. also good for infection control. plus they just look pretty darn cute. so that's the other reason why. >> reporter: these three little guys get to enjoy a ng day out in their paddock, but innkerbell and hope are gett d aded up into their bus, a mini bus, of course, anwe're headed to a shriners hospital for visit. >> i can't tell you howil fung it is when you walk into a hospital room or walk into a school and see these great big smiles, people's eyes get wide, and the laughterr:.
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>> reporteut they're not just entertainment. sometimes, the horses pride motivation for young patients who are scared to get their blood drawn or who are working er improve their walking. >> we'll put anoead on the horse and the kids can help us walk and learn commands, li walk and whoa. it's really powerful to see theskids engage with thes hat they're and see t connecting and the horses are listening when they're asking for them to do something.>> eporter: while mane in iaven asks for donations, doesn't charge for its visits. it's made about 60 visits so far this year. ough the minis share a therapeutic mission, they all have different personalities. >> tinkerbell is supecurious. spirit is very spiritful. hope is veryweet and gentle. but in general they're all very ca, very comforting, and they're very intuitive.he >> reporter:make visits all over the chicago area, so keep your eyes open for them, but look down. >> what are yon'doing? i have anything in my
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pocket!s >> thiss newshour weekend, suay. >> sreenivasan: voters in finland cast their ballots in parliamentary electionins today follcampaigns dominated by the issue of climate change. greenpeace finland calleds todate the "climate election." the environmental group cited a recent nationwide poll that found 70% of respondents believed tackling climate change and reducing carbon footprints shou be key priorities of the new government. finland is increasing its production onuclear energy by opening a new power plant next year and lawmakers last month voted to phase out coal as an energy source by 2029. new proposals include increasing the number of hiectric es and reducing meat consumption through taxes. danny faure, president of the island nation of seychelles, used the first-ever live speech from an underwater submersible vessel to ask for the protectioe oforld's oceans today. calling the oceans the "rtating blue hf our planet," faure joined a scientific mission and
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descended more than 400 feet heneath the surface of indian ocean. >> at this depth, i can see not only the incredible beauty of our ocean, but the care that it >> sreenivasan: islacl nations ing seychelles are experiencing sea level rise and economic impacts due to climate change. a measles outbreak in madagascar is now the largest in the island nation's history with more than 100,000 reported cases. the world health organization is reporting that 1200 people have died from the measles since september of last year. only 58% of the population has been vaccinated against the highly-contagious disease. the low rate is not due to philosophical or religious resistance to vaination but because of poverty and limited resources. the measlevirus can live for up to two hours in the air after a cough or sneeze and can cause blindness, brain swelling, and death.
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>> sreenivasan: finally tonight, tiger woods won the masters tournament in augusta, georgia toy for the fifth time. it was his first win of a major tournament in 11 years. h he struggled with injuries haer the past several years and four back surgeries, almost ending his career. woods has now won 15 major toonnaments, secon to jack nicklaus. that's all for this edition of hour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. have a good night. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz.
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sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip milstein family.p. droy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- meesigning customized individual and group reti products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. was fundpart by...
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